Supreme Group B.V. and several subsidiaries pleaded guilty to major fraud charges on Monday in connection with a contract to provide food and water to U.S. military forces in Afghanistan. The defense contractor will pay $288.36 million in fines and penalties stemming from the criminal case, and will pay $101 million to resolve civil allegations made in a whistleblower lawsuit.
In 2005, Supreme Foodservice AG (now called Supreme Foodservice GmbH, a Supreme Group subsidiary) entered into a contract to provide troops in Afghanistan with food and water. According to the Justice Department, the company devised and executed a scheme that forced the U.S. to overcharge for the goods provided, specifically Local Market Ready goods (referred to as LMR). Supreme used a United Arab Emirates company called Jamal Ahli Foods Co. (“JAFCO”) that it controlled as a middleman to artificially mark up prices on locally-produced products sold to military forces.
Incriminating emails between Supreme executives show that the company was aware they were marking up prices on goods at margins of around 60 percent. One particular email from a Supreme executive says the company shouldn’t raise prices any more than they already have because they didn’t want to raise suspicions with their government customer.
In 2007, a Supreme entered into a “separation agreement” with a Supreme executive, who was paid 400,000 Euros to keep quiet on the fraud scheme. A former Supreme employee brought the scheme to a stop in 2009 by notifying the government about JAFCO and the inflated prices on goods in Afghanistan.
The civil case against Supreme was predicated on whistleblower claims made by a Supreme executive, who accused the company of violating the False Claims Act when it knowingly overcharged the government for goods. The whistleblower also claimed that Supreme received rebates from suppliers that it failed to pass on to the government.